You have to believe that the Celtic Christians, Waldenses, Albigenses, Henricians, Petrobrussians, Paulicians, the Greek Orthodox Church, the Protestant churches, the Anabaptists and the Baptists all did not have the pure word of God. In the 1870's, a challenge arose in the English world to the primacy of the King James Bible. There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort.The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. ", Zane Hodges, a long time professor at Dallas Theological Seminary, writes, "Modern textual criticism is psychologically addicted to Westcott and Hort. The KJV is based on a Greek New Testament text called the Textus Receptus, first published by Desiderius Erasmus in 1516 and subsequently revised by a number of scholars. Literal English Features: Is true to the word order of the original Greek. Westcott and Hort did what was unthinkable…..they picked through five Greek texts which did not agree with each other, and came up with a new revised Greek version of the Bible. They began their work in 1853 and completed it in 1881, working for twenty-eight years independently of each other, yet regularly comparing notes. The NIV, ESV and other modern Bibles are built on this corrupt foundation, which is why they’re missing many words that validate Jesus’ deity. This Majority Text was made from more than five thousand (5000+) manuscripts. In 1844 part of another old manuscript (Codex Sinaiticus) was found in a wastebasket in St. Catherines’s monastery (the other part was found in 1859). They might argue, “My Bible says the “earliest” manuscripts do not have this verse!” But does this reader know of the thousands of other manuscripts which do contain this verse? Codex Vatican (B) Most modern translations are based on the Nestle-Aland/United Bible Society (NA/UBS) text, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft (German Bible Society). Protestant New Jerusalem Bible: NJB Modern English 1985 From the original Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek, with influence from the French La Bible de Jérusalem. This text is tagged with Strong’s numbering. Then they created the Nestle-Aland (NA) and the United Bible Societies (UBS) Greek New Testaments, which are based on the Westcott-Hort Greek Text. It should also be noted that the writings of John W. Burgon, Edward Hills, Benjamin C. Wilkinson will be greatly edifying. Recension. 2:16, Col. 2:9). Any modern translation that is based upon Westcott and Hort's Greek text cannot be trusted, for it is based upon five manuscripts which do not even agree with one other. This is to say nothing of the hundreds of church fathers who quoted their Scriptures in sermons, writings, etc., which also testify to the standard of the Majority text. The Palimpsest Theory. Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49501, Pastor R. W. Shekner, Comparisons, Anchor Publications (anchorbooksandtracts.com), Taylor and Young, Distorted Scripture, Anchor Publications (anchorbooksandtracts.com), G. A. Riplinger New Age Bible Versions A V Publications, Box 388 Munroe Falls, Ohio, The NIV (and others) is taken from the five Minority texts, which do not agree. When their new bibles appeared in England and America in the late 1800's they were rejected. Hort lobbied (some would say intimidated) committee members to follow the Westcott and Hort text. Westcott and Hort built upon the foundation established by their predecessors, such as Griesbach, Lachmann, and Tischendorf. Since 99.9% of these manuscripts agree, we can be comforted knowing that God has preserved His Word among us. In like manner, if a scientist is also an evolutionist and aetheist, do we need to hear his science before we know his verdict? Textus Receptus) presented a huge dilemma for Westcott and Hort. For the reader of the NIV this note in brackets must at least cause doubt to enter one’s mind as to the authenticity of these verses. Critics commonly charge that the traditional Bible text used by believers for 1800 years adds material, and that we should be thankful for Westcott and Hort who came along in the 19th century to restore the text of the New Testament that had been corrupt for 1800 years and during the entire reformation. “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: 19 And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book.” Rev 22:18,19. For example, the witness “Codex Vatican B” (one of the five), a Greek manuscript of the New Dr. After this bracket in the NIV they then list verses 9-20 (Zondervan Publishing House, Grand Rapids Michigan, Copyright 1986, 1992, pg 1104). In the early years of this century Kirsopp Lake described Hort’s work as a failure, ...But Hort did not fail to reach his major goal. Likewise, it is important to recognize that the English Revised New Testament which came out in 1881 was not directly based on the text of Westcott and Hort, although in many particulars they are the same. This requires us to reach back in history to the days of the apostles, when the New Testament was written in the original Greek language – sometime between 33-100 AD. They are not aware nor concerned that almost all the modern Bible versions of our day are built upon the Greek Text of Westcott and Hort, commonly called the Westcott-Hort text. The very title implies that any other text is based on non-original sources. Yes, that's a good example of how there is a difference in the way a manuscript is translated. The history of naturalistic textual criticism. The purpose of Westcott and Hort producing a Greek New Testament, based upon the Alexandrian manuscripts, was to begin the process of destroying America's churches. At this point we have entered the realm of “textual criticism”. Isn’t it better to trust that God preserved His Word in the 5000+ witnesses rather than the five witnesses who do not agree with each other? In 1851 Westcott was ordained an Anglican "priest" and Hort in 1856: their careers were spent mostly in … 118:8 Putting our confidence in God and not man, it seems apparent our Lord has kept His promise and that His Word is faithfully preserved in over 5000 witnesses! A textual critic is one who picks and chooses what part of whose story they will believe to be true. He simply theorized that it must have taken place. "The two most popular Greek manuscripts today, Nestles-Aland and UBS (United Bible Society), differ very little from the Westcott and Hort text. To Westcott and Hort, the King James Bible was clearly an inferior translation. There had always been a challenge from Roman Catholicism, but this challenge came from men who were officially Protestants: Church of England Bishop Brooke Foss Westcott and Cambridge University Professor Fenton John Anthony Hort. They started the “Ghostly Guild” in 1851 and before that the “Hermes Club” in 1845. You have to believe that people who deny the Deity of Christ never corrupt Bible manuscripts. ©1987 by Samuel C. Gipp. There are over 5366 manuscripts of the Greek New Testament. Please note that neither Westcott nor Hort believed that the Bible was God’s Word. "For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation, ungodly men"-Jude 1:4. Translators of the Bible over the years have used these agreeing manuscripts to make what is called the MAJORITY TEXT. To learn more about Bible versions and the many problems with modern translations, consider the following: David Otis Fuller, D. D. Which Bible Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, Michigan, 49501, David Otis Fuller, D. D. Counterfeit Or Genuine Mark 16? The heart of the Wescott and Hort theory was that the New Testament was preserved in almost perfect condition in two Greek texts, the Vaticanus and the Sinaticus. Their names are as follows: The two editors worked together for 28 years. Greek Bibles $ 14.90. In Christ Jesus our Lord, Readers of these new Bibles are quite unaware that they are reading the translation of a corrupt text. But what does this mean and is it important? However, this material may be freely used for personal study or research purposes. Hort and Westcott defended the inclusion of a Unitarian scholar on the Revision Committee. The material is copyrighted and should not be reprinted under any other name or author. 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