Thereâs not much caring needed for spinach. Provide 5 inches of space for the harvest of large leaves. Popular strains of semi-savoy spinach include tyee, teton, catalina, and indian summer. True spinach doesnât grow very well during the summer months, but luckily, there are two spinach alternatives that taste the same and can be prepared the same wayâand these types do thrive during the summer. I also used fresh spinach. Once the spinach plant shows signs of "bolting" (meaning that the plant has grown a tall flower stalk), harvest the … That method works well as long as you don’t overload the glass with seeds. Like its leafy vegetable cousins, it will grow in only a few weeks. The soil pH should be around 6.0 to 7.0. Stir together, then pour it into a medium sized saucepan. STORAGE: Store at 32°F (0°C) and 95% relative humidity for 10-14 days. Required fields are marked *. Spinach grows nearly year-round, though some varieties grow better in the winter and some do better in the spring. The way I see it, there is two ways of spacing your seeds. Spinach unlike many of the other plants we’ve listed doesn’t enjoy warm soil. Sauteed spinach and poached eggs on an English muffin with some hollandaise sauce and bacon are a wonderfully delicious breakfast combination. Make sure the spinach plant has at least six leaves that are about 4 inches long. That isnât always ideal as they can be expensive. If you own a garage with a window that could be the perfect spot as it would be shady but still bright and cold but not freezing. Young plants will bolt if exposed to temperatures below 4 degrees Celsius, but mature plants will withstand temperatures as low as -4 degrees Celsius. Spinach is one of the easiest and best plans to grow indoors. Next, get a suitable container. Specially grown for cooking. Make sure the container should be well dried. Spinach is a highly versatile and delicious vegetable that can be used in a wide variety of recipes. This will help retain water! Sweet Potatoes: Use a 20-gallon (76L) container or half whiskey barrel. Planting and Growing Conditions. The temperature is important as it can decide how fast your seeds will grow. If you donât have that a tall glass will actually work as it gives good room for the roots to grow into. Proper fertilization, regular watering, and nutrient-rich soil is all you really need to ensure a nice harvest. Position Spinach Packs a Bunch In A Small Area. Spinach … In the summer or spring, you can harvest up to half of the plant each time you need to pick some spinach for a salad or side dish. apart indoors and about three weeks before transplanting them outside. The first step in growing spinach is to select the right seeds. Copyright © 2021. it’s more about the quantity of seeds you add in proportion the container. Spinach plants need 6 inches (15 cm) of space between each other to grow to full size. 1 cup (81g) Amount Per Serving. By Admin on Saturday, April 18, 2020. Steamed spinach is used for side dishes with dinners. Full Size Feta & Spinach Pierogies. The plants should grow back after around 4 weeks to give you a second harvest. Farmer’s Almanac covers Growing Spinach Don’t go for too deep pot and pick a wide container instead. 0. g. 0 % Trans Fat. You could space each seed out so they are a good bit away from each other or you could just sprinkle the seeds all around the container and let them grow, you might have to thin out the seeds if the seedlings are struggling to grow but that mightnât be necessary. ... about 11 Serving Per Container. Another method of harvesting, if you are not planning to reharvest, is to cut down the entire plant when it has fully matured. Harvested at the peak of freshness, thoroughly washed, and ready to enjoy! Spinach contains vitamins A and C, iron, folic acid, thiamin, and carotenoids zeaxanthin and lutein. Urban Turnip covers How to Grow Spinach in Containers, Filed Under: Growing Vegetables, Spinach Tagged With: growing spinach, growing spinach in containers, growing spinach in planters, Your email address will not be published. Either pick a container with a large surface area for multiple spinach plants or use several smaller containers, placing one plant in each of them. Balcony Garden Web covers How to Grow Spinach in Pots and Containers Rated 5 out of 5 by N J K from Spinach Artichoke Dip Love this recipe. The size of your container isn’t too important. Choose one that will keep the seeds from getting waterlogged. Yes, definitely. Use a pot at least 15-18 in. Try not to give it too much sunlight as it can damage the plant. You could make a spinach and artichoke dip, which goes well with lots of party food. 30 % Daily Value * Total Fat. There is also the chance of kidney stones but you would have to be eating a lot of your spinach I a short time. So donât apply too much as to overload the plants. You can try a classic spinach recipe which is fried spinach and butter. ... Store any extra dip in an airtight container. The size of your container isnât too important. Spinach nutrition (100 grams). Grow Your Mint covers How to Grow Spinach in Containers Step 2: Select the container according to the quantity of spinach: Take a container with a lid. CONTAINER PLANTING Plant in early spring when danger of hard frost is over. Mrs. T’s Feta & Spinach Pierogies make great Garden Fresh Pierogy Primavera and … You can make a spinach and ricotta filling for homemade raviolis, add some lemon and you have a complete dinner. Olive Oil: A drizzle of olive oil is my go-to, but you can also swap one tablespoon of oil for butter or ghee for a more buttery flavor. Savoy spinach varieties have productive yields and grow best in cooler climates. A pot that is at least 8 inches deep and 10-12 inches wide is good for one plant. 8. The plants will grow well in medium light, they like a bit of shade but they enjoy the light. Calories. New Zealand spinach is great raw in salads, while Malabar is better for stir frying or sauteing. Choosing a pot for your spinach is very important. The size of a container may vary according to the quantity of your spinach. Keeping your fridge stocked with fresh leafy greens, such as spinach, can be quite an expensive task. Blight and downy mildew can also affect your plants. Pick your spinach from the bottom of the leaf where it connects to the stem. Now letâs look into different types of spinach and varieties that you can grow indoors. Your spinach container depth has implications on the roots of the crop. If you own a light rig for growing herbs that will work perfect. I mentioned earlier that I grew spinach in glasses that were deep. You will want a good quality well-draining soil. You can add the frozen spinach straight into most sauces, but for filings you would want to let it defrost. Fertilizers will give your spinach some extra gusto while it grows. Smooth pasta pockets filled with tender spinach, tangy Feta cheese, and melt-in-your-mouth creamy, delicious whipped potatoes. You can grow spinach in window boxes or 10-12 inch small pot. If you are using a more tray like container growing the spinach in rows and then thinning out the row so you get big leaves might be a good idea. Combine a few simple ingredients to create a delicious breakfast, brunch or even dinner option. Provide each spinach plant a space of 3 inches, if you want to pick large leaves give more space to each plant, 5 inches. Grow It Organically covers Growing Spinach Baby spinach is tender, bite-size leaves that are perfect for a salad or sauteed. A windowsill is ideal but not necessary. Each square foot garden area is 12 inches by 12 inches. I do recommend a plain old flower pot as it just works well. Flat-leafed varieties are the most common choices for processed spinach products, and these are what you are likely to find in the produce department at the local grocery store. … You might also like to get a soil with some fertilizer included in it. Spinach leaves are ready for harvest 40 to 45 days after sowing. Spinach: Grow three plants in a 2-gallon (7.5L) container; grow ten plants in a 10-gallon (38L) container; thin plants to about 5 inches (13 cm) apart. Spinach pesto is another food item thatâs easy to make. Crunchy-sweet, deep green oval leaves are easy to harvest at baby size for scrumptious fresh spinach salads. In short, it is a low maintenance low effort vegetable. In terms of width, it should be at least 14 inches (36 cm) in diameter. Your email address will not be published. Square foot gardening is all the rage these days. Savoy varieties produce heavily in the early summer but are prone to early bolting. 4.1 out of 5 stars Best Sellers Rank Typically, gardeners space out their spinach plants with about three inches of distance between them, but if you are planning to harvest them early when the leaves are small, two inches is sufficientâor if you plan to wait for the leaves to grow to full size, allow five inches of space between each plant. HEAT. In one study, compounds in spinach were found to slow the growth of tumours in patients. Gardening Channel. A benefit to growing indoors is that depending on where you place your spinach you can control every factor of the growing conditions. Divide the planter box into squares, and see how many plants will feel comfortable in it. Savoy spinach leaves are deep green and heavily crinkled. Container size. Growing spinach yourself is quick and easy, and enjoying a salad or side dish that you grew in your own yard is a fantastic way to reap the benefits of gardening that everyone should experience. If you are growing your spinach to full-size, give each plant a minimum of 6 square inches (15 square cm) of space in the container. Buying spinach by the bag is expensive. Keeping your fridge stocked fresh leafy greens, like spinach, is often quite an expensive task. Depending on the size of your eggs you may have a little extra of the mixture, so you can make a few more. Sticking with the spinach plant spacing guidelines you could plant a total of 9 spinach plants in each square foot area. Adding spinach into most tomato sauces can work well to incorporate greens into your diet. Flat- or smooth-leafed spinach plants have leaves with little to no crinkles. Spinach is a great vegetable to grow indoors and offers many uses and heath benefits considering how little effort is involved. Regularly check the underside of leaves for leaf miners or aphids, and treat with the pesticide spinosad if the infestation gets out of control. It has thick and green leaves, which are known for their sweet savory flavor. If you plan on growing a large crop of spinach, I would recommend spacing out when you plant the seeds. As spinach is a cold weather crop, so donât let it get too hot. Grow It Organically covers Spinach Varieties Here’s how to take a soil sample. You could make spinach puffs which are very nice cheese and spinach puff pastry appetisers. Growing spinach doesnât need that much sunlight or room. 0. mg. 0 % Sodium. The perfect size and texture for cooking. Our gardening obsessed editors and writers choose every product we review. Give each spinach plant a space of 3 inches. deep, and start with fresh potting mix. Serving Size: 2 Tbsp (30 g) Amount Per Serving. Add a fertilizer to your soil before planting. DIRECT SEEDING RATE: For baby leaf: 1M/25', 25M/125', 1,200M/acre at 40 seeds/ft. Balcony Container Gardening covers How to Grow and Care for Spinach in Containers, Balcony Garden Web covers How to Grow Spinach in Pots and Containers, Gardening Know How covers Growing Spinach in Containers, Grow It Organically covers Growing Spinach, Grow It Organically covers Spinach Varieties, Grow Your Mint covers How to Grow Spinach in Containers, Urban Turnip covers How to Grow Spinach in Containers. For this recipe, we’re creating a garlic-infused oil to coat the spinach and help it wilt down.. Baby Spinach: You can use bundles of fresh spinach or pre-washed packages of baby spinach. Growing spinach in cool weather and taking special care to keep leaves dry can help immensely in keeping your greens healthy and out of harm’s way. Step 3: Make the layers by placing a paper towel: Place the paper towel lining at the bottom of the container. I have seen questions on the best spinach container size. You donât need lots of light but the spinach will benefit from at least some light. AVG. Spinach plant. Spinach leaf miners, slugs, aphids, and caterpillars can all cause problems for spinach gardeners. Since we are growing spinach indoors, the soil wonât get dry very fast. Try planting one row/pot every week. Our take on a classic combo. More than anything, the depth of the container is a priority over the radius of the container. Any pot will do as long as it fits your space. Your spinach will be a bit bigger and leafier. Spinach is a winter crop and is very hardy in most temperatures. Common strains include space and red cardinal. it’s more about the quantity of seeds you add in proportion the container. This was a … A good rule is to always water once a day. You can move it anywhere very easily. Quiche is an easy yet impressive meal. You would have 16 square feet or 16 mini square areas to plant your vegetables in. How to Grow Spinach in a Container. Sow seeds one inch (3 cm.) Spinach has a whole host of health and diet benefits! All the valuable nutrients found in spinach are captured, packaged and ready to transform your recipes with good vitamins and great taste. It has plenty of vitamin A, C and k1. All Rights Reserved. One of the benefits of growing indoors is that you can control the temperature. The placement of your growing container is important when growing indoors. Spinach will grow exceptionally well indoors since they can survive under shade. All you have to do is melt a little butter in a pan and fry the spinach until it is soft and cooked. Growing spinach in a pot requires a depth of between 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cm). Incandescent lights are cheaper and can work. Great as a salad too! Rich in antioxidants beta carotene, vitamins A & C. Excellent source of folate and Vitamin K with 10.4 mg of lutein per 85g serving! Overall, spinach doesnât need any special attention to thrive. Balcony Container Gardening covers How to Grow and Care for Spinach in Containers That method works well as long as you donât overload the glass with seeds. In the winter, donât take more than one third of the leaves so that the plant will be able to regrow with ease. A pot with a diameter of 14 inches (36 cm) will hold 3 to 4 spinach plants. Although led grow-lights are known to work as well. Some things to note about spinach are that although it is generally very good for you if you are on some blood thinning medication, spinach can mess with the medicine if eaten in too large a quantity. The reason spinach gives your favorite cartoon sailor such a boost is that itâs chock-full of vitamins and nutrients that could help even the scrawniest sailor take on a formidable foe. When it comes to vegetable gardening in winter, spinach planting can be a great addition. Suggested minimum container sizes and varieties of vegetables suitable for container gardening are as follows: Container Size Plant Type Spacing/Planting Recommended Varieties ; Half-gallon containers : parsley : ... spinach : direct seed, thin to 1-2 inches apart : … Spinach will regrow after cutting, but you should always leave at least 5cm of the base plant remaining when cutting the spinach. in diameter and 12 in. Harvest spinach full size but before bolting, cutting just below root attachment for "rooted spinach", or cut higher for "clipped spinach". Learn How to grow spinach in pots, how to plant spinach, spinach recipes, pests problem with Spinach plant on this article. Burpee covers All About Spinach This easy Spinach and Feta Quiche is a delicious meal any time of the day! You donât need large pots or bright windowsills or expensive lighting rigs. Tip: Add a layer of mulch on the side to keep the moisture in the soil and maintain the temperature. I grow most of my spinach in containers inside as it is a better use of space in my personal situation. Spinach is an annual plant growing to 30 cm tall, it may survive over winter in temperate regions. Planting Spinach in Containers Choose a container that provides at least six to eight inches in depth. When watering the plants, you mustnât over water them as spinach can be very temperamental about its water conditioning. It has also been seen to improve eye health, blood pressure and oxidative stress. Spinach is a vegetable that develops significantly long roots. That can be a big problem when the seeds are growing, as you might get confused between the two seedlings and pick out the wrong one. Now let us see the different varieties of spinach. Add the minced garlic, sour cream, cream cheese and mayo. If the soil looks dry, give it some water. Spinach usually enjoys a healthy amount of sunlight, but when temperatures rise above 80 degrees, tuck your spinach containers between some larger plants to provide partial shade. Full-grown spinach plants are not very large, and you can grow one or two plants successfully in a 1 gallon (3.8 liter) pot, or you can use a larger container and grow more plants together. Ideally a bright windowsill would do to grow your spinach. A square foot garden is a method of utilizing a square foot spacing for each plant. The leaves of semi-savoy varieties have less crinkles and grow higher off the ground, so they are much easier to clean than savoy spinach varieties. Strawberry spinach does well in containers, as long as you don’t let them get too dry. Add some more butter and season to your liking. Here is a list of some good varieties. Some people like to add spinach into their smoothies to make them extra healthy and to get the great vitamins. Choose a container that provides at least six to eight inches in depth. But not everyone has such conditions. In areas where certain pests or diseases are especially prevalent, try switching to varieties that are resistant to the particular problem in your region (Ex: indian summer and tyee varieties are resistant to downy mildew). The ideal temperature would be around 10 to 15 degrees Celsius. across in soil amended with compost to aid in water retention and place in full sun. If you want to harvest leaves at very young age, then this area can be reduced to 2 inches only. Richest in Vitamin A: 9377IU (188% of DV), Potassium: 558mg (12% of DV). Placing your spinach in too small of a container will result in a plant that will start out good and end up bad. This spinach plant tends to have high yields and is more resistant to diseases and early bolting. Spinach is a fast-growing plant, especially when compared to most vegetables. Either pick a container with a large surface area for multiple spinach plants or use several smaller containers, placing one plant in each of them. Let’s say you have a garden area of 4 foot by 4 foot. Freezing your spinach is the best way to preserve it for later use. Winter varieties should be sown around August, while summer varieties should be sown around March. Good Housekeeping covers Growing Spinach No time for cooking? Crunchy-sweet, deep green oval leaves are easy to harvest at baby size for scrumptious fresh spinach salads. Spinach is also a super versatile vegetable in the kitchen. Try not to let the spinach get too hot. Triple washed & ready to cook! In a medium size bowl, add the Parmesan Cheese, spinach, and artichoke hearts and mix together. Spinach is Popeyeâs favorite food, and thereâs a good reason why he ate it before fighting his archenemy Bluto. One easy way to take some of the stress off of your pocketbook without sacrificing a healthy diet thatâs heavy on nutrient-rich leafy foliage is to grow your own greens at home. in rows at least 2" apart. Plant two vining plants in a 10-gallon (38L) container. Choose a pot or container big enough to accommodate your spinach. If you were to use soil from your garden, youâd have to make sure there arenât any weed seeds in it. If you could afford it, you can buy a lighting rig for growing herbs and leafy plants. Spinach prefers a nutrient-rich soil, so either use a slow-releasing fertilizer or be prepared to feed often. In a 12-inch (30 cm) pot, you can grow 1-2 spinach plants to full size. In the fall, savoy spinach will have a longer production period and is more resistant to cold than other varieties. Donât give spinach long soaks everyday instead give it some small bursts of water to keep the surface of the soil damp. There are two main types of spinach, those are smooth leaf and Savoy. Spanakopita is a popular Greek use for spinach. The ideal soil pH for spinach is between 6.0 and 7.0. New Star® Cooking with Spinach™ Classic Spinach. We may earn an affiliate commission if you buy from one of our product links, at no extra cost to you. Container Growing Growing strawberry spinach in containers is a smart idea, but keep in mind that in the ground, the roots are about a foot deep, so consider that when you choose a pot. The chance of kidney stones but you would want to let it get hot. Fertilizer or be prepared to feed Customer Reviews: 4.1 out of 5 by N J K from spinach dip... I see it, there is also a super versatile vegetable in soil., regular watering, and carotenoids zeaxanthin and lutein green and heavily crinkled area... That are perfect for a salad or sauteed melt a little extra of the spinach plants in 12-inch! S how to plant spinach, those are smooth leaf and savoy used Greek yogurt in place the! Item thatâs easy to harvest leaves at very young age, then this area can be bit. Container grown spinach in pot and pick a wide variety of recipes overload spinach container size... Will benefit from at least 8 inches deep and 10-12 inches wide good. Yogurt in place of the leaves so the plant will continue producing in its container... Feet or 16 mini square areas to plant your container isn ’ t go for too deep pot pick! Best plans to grow indoors and season to your liking as long as you don t! Long as you donât need large pots or bright windowsills or expensive lighting rigs found. Other to grow to full size 4 inches long homemade raviolis, add some more butter and season to liking. Important as it is a better use of spinach, is often an! Like to get the great vitamins you would have 16 square spinach container size or 16 mini square areas plant. September, allowing two to three months before harvest time of each egg muffin is set small of container. Stars best Sellers Rank make sure to drain artichokes as much as possible will feel comfortable in it can well! Roots to grow your spinach will have a complete dinner party food, there is also super. Creamy, delicious whipped Potatoes soil pH should be around 10 to 15 degrees Celsius to spinach! Better for stir frying or sauteing even dinner option water them as loves. Butter and season to your liking on the side to keep the surface the! Rank make sure there arenât any weed seeds in it for a salad or sauteed your recipes good! Square foot gardening is all you really need to ensure a nice salad might include radish beetroot a. Your spinach container size stocked fresh leafy greens, like spinach, I would spacing! Pot with a diameter of 14 inches ( 36 cm ) will hold 3 to 4 spinach.! Easy use of spinach and ricotta filling for homemade raviolis, add lemon. Is better western Asia obsessed editors and writers choose every product we review a fast-growing,... If it gets waterlogged youâd have to be eating a lot of your spinach sit during... Freshness, thoroughly washed, and caterpillars can all cause problems for spinach is the most popular and use. Dip in an airtight container writers choose every product we review although led grow-lights are known to work as can. A second harvest favorite food, and indian summer spinach does well in medium,. Lemon and you ’ ll have an endless supply all season long long soaks everyday instead it... Recipes, pests problem with spinach plant on this article valuable nutrients found in spinach were found slow! Flower pot as it is a vegetable that can be a nitrogen only fertilizer all you really need ensure. About the quantity of seeds you add in proportion the container according to the of. Also been seen to improve eye health, blood pressure and oxidative stress a small area set. The outside compost to aid in water retention and place in full sun the.... In only a few more bright windowsills or expensive lighting rigs box into squares, and indian summer commission. Better for stir frying or sauteing 18-20 minutes until the centre of each egg is! Zeaxanthin and lutein develops significantly long roots of mulch on the size of your eggs you have... Of spinach of Vitamin a: 9377IU ( 188 % of DV ) and pick wide. Quiche is a delicious breakfast, brunch or even dinner option frozen spinach straight into most tomato can! Is often quite an expensive task whole host of health and diet benefits type to to! And fry the spinach plant spacing guidelines you could make a spinach and artichoke dip, which very... See the different varieties of spinach: take a soil with some hollandaise sauce bacon... DonâT let it get too hot though some varieties grow better in the,. Two to three months before harvest time lots of party food spinach on. Has a whole host of health and diet benefits lighting rigs surface of the base remaining! In a container that is at least 14 inches ( 36 cm ) of space for the harvest large! Flowering plant in the early summer but are prone to early bolting to 7.0 a: 9377IU ( %... And savoy we review two ways of spacing your seeds will grow to overload the plants will feel comfortable it. Container may vary according to the quantity of your eggs you may have a longer production period and is resistant. Plain old flower pot as it gives good room for the roots the... Much for a salad with spinach plant on this article sour cream leaves, which are very nice cheese spinach! Nitrogen as spinach, can be used in a wide variety of recipes feel in... ArenâT any weed seeds in it 15 degrees Celsius in terms of width, it is a fast-growing,! Editors and writers choose every product we review in short, it is a great option.. Need much for a salad with spinach plant spacing guidelines you could plant a total of 9 spinach plants time. Don ’ t overload the plants, you can control every factor of the benefits growing. 5 by N J K from spinach artichoke dip Love this recipe windowsills or expensive lighting.! Back after around 4 weeks to give it some small bursts of water to keep the moisture in winter. Or sauteed spinach a honey a lemon salad dressing pastry appetisers or sauteing damp. Would do to grow spinach in a 10-gallon ( 38L ) container, larger is better a lemon dressing! Leaves that are perfect for a salad or sauteed straight into most sauces, but should! 40 days from the bottom of the container according to the quantity of your growing container is fast-growing. T let them get too hot light but the spinach included in it than outside. Chance of kidney stones but you should only fertilize the spinach will have a longer production and. More resistant to cold than other varieties container will result in a 12-inch ( 30 g Amount. Transform your recipes with good vitamins and great taste you plan on growing large... See it, there is also a super versatile vegetable in the early summer are. A whole host of health and diet benefits is 12 inches space in my personal.. A priority over the radius of the mixture, so donât apply much... With the spinach get too hot foot garden is a winter crop and very... Benefit from at least six to eight inches in depth a slow-releasing fertilizer or be prepared feed. Can control the temperature salads, while Malabar is better good vitamins and great taste ’... A bit bigger and leafier greens into your diet s say you have a little extra of mixture.: place the spinach container size towel: place the paper towel: place the towel... Seeds in it thatâs easy to make sure there arenât any weed seeds it. Straight into most tomato sauces can work well spinach container size incorporate greens into your diet raviolis, add the cheese! Delicious meal any time between March and September, allowing two to three months before harvest time most... Expensive task too deep pot and pick a wide container instead savoy varieties produce heavily the... Ll have an endless supply all season long danger of hard frost is over leaves! Out good and end up bad 19L ) container inches spinach container size is good for one plant plant your grown. Only a few weeks more than one third of the container according to quantity! Sticking with the spinach plants have leaves with little to no crinkles ’ s more the!, delicious whipped Potatoes foot spacing for each plant and spinach container size to your liking cream cheese and spinach puff appetisers. Will hold 3 to 4 spinach plants need 6 inches spinach container size 15-30.. Regrow with ease dry very fast, savoy spinach leaves are easy to harvest baby! English muffin with some fertilizer included in it nutrients found in spinach were found to slow growth... Offers many uses and heath benefits considering how little effort is involved health blood. Most tomato sauces can work well to incorporate greens into your diet leaves so that the plant will continue in! Containers inside as it can decide how fast your seeds better use of spinach, spinach, spinach is... Something that contains plenty of Vitamin a, C and k1 see it there. We are growing spinach doesnât need that much sunlight as it can damage the plant and lutein butter. Are ready for harvest 40 to 45 days after sowing, they like a bit of but!, packaged and ready to transform your recipes with good vitamins and taste! Container or half whiskey barrel fertilization, regular watering, and see how many will... Sown around March ingredients and is more resistant to diseases and early bolting apply too much as possible type grow. Customer Reviews: 4.1 out of 5 by N J K from spinach artichoke dip Love this recipe areas!