The Aboriginal community in Ontario is widely composed of First Nations, Metis and Inuit peoples – which makes it an exceptionally diverse group with distinct heritage, languages, cultural practices and spiritual beliefs. Ballarat and District Aboriginal Cooperative (B.A.D.AC) will be discussed at length and the importance of self-determination to the Indigenous population. This module is about REFLECTION of your cultural self and healthcare, racism and white privilege. ... My team shared the same enthusiasm towards the aboriginal cultural significant sites around Penrith as I did, and the development of curriculum resources to embed ASTI focused learning. This reflective assignment requires you to first demonstrate your ... your role in ensuring cultural safe nursing care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples (250 words). developing cultural competence through self-reflection whilst learning about health issues of Aboriginal and Torres Islander people, families and communities •To explore the interplay between critical reflection, personal narratives and improving cultural competence Spencer-Oatey (2012) suggests that Culture is associated with a social group that shares the same value for a product. Unpacking critical reflection: dilly bag of tools for team leaders (PDF, 1.1MB) Aboriginal perspective on critical reflection. People use Wikipedia to research for essays and other things that they need help with. Critical reflection is identified in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Curriculum Framework as an important process to lifelong learning (Department of Health, 2014). Its purpose is to support medical schools implement, monitor and sustain a nationally accredited Indigenous health curriculum framework and to adopt initiatives related to Indigenous student The mistakes I have made actually have helped me more than hurt me. Kingston is the traditional homeland of the Anishinaabe and Haudenosaunee people, who have been displaced through the ongoing forms of settler colonialism throughout history. Task aim: To critically reflect on how your own culture, life experiences, worldview and dominant cultural paradigms, influences your perceptions of, and interactions with, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in health care. aboriginal - critical reflection - Free download as Word Doc (.doc / .docx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Where am I?" Class Reflection on Study of Indigenous People. Wikipedia is also the best and the most resourceful website where millions of people use. Indigenous Studies Critical Reflections. During my first semester of college, I felt like this course overshadowed all the others. September 6th, 2018 admin. Cultural reflection: Critically reflect on how one’s own culture, life experiences and world view as well as dominant cultural paradigms, influence perceptions of and interactions with Aboriginal and or Torres Strait Islander Peoples. I was utterly enraptured by the teaching methodologies Dr. Bringle utilized, she was engaging. 123Helpme.com. I have found the Knowledge, Enquiry and Communication paper invaluable to laying a solid foundation of my academic career. 2002). I understand from the above statement that Indigenous approaches are related regardless of whether the children are from indigenous cultural backgrounds or not. They both left us with one important bit of knowledge to carry with us throughout our lives, accept nothing, and question everything. The Critical Refl ection Tool or CRT is a dynamic document that addresses broad contextual issues that impact on Indigenous1 health curriculum development. “Philosophers among Aboriginal people have explored and analyzed the process of self-actualization. reflection is identified in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Curriculum Framework as an important process to lifelong learning (Department of Health, 2014). Aboriginal Nurses Association of Canada , Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing & Canadian Nurses Association. Curtin University. To map the Aboriginal space in Kingston, I set out to search for space, which as an exchange student with limited knowledge can see from the outside. This paper was difficult for me but had great purpose; to learn from my mistakes early on, will be of great assistance in the future. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia. Task rationale: Critical reflection of an experience, situation or performance allows for deeper learning, insight and conscious decision making to improve and … The intention of my map is to create a visual representation of the contemporary Indigenous space in Kingston. Full of depth, texture, colour and numerous artistic elements to entice. 1365 words (5 pages) Essay. We will discuss some of the services covered by B.A.D.A.C focussing particularly on how their chronic illness care helps the Aboriginal population of Ballarat. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth of Australia. Indigenous Studies Reflection on the Stolen Generation . Cultural competence is not static, and our level of cultural competence changes in response to new situations, experiences and relationships. Charlie Colbung is the artist behind a large beautiful acrylic painting exhibited in the Plantagenet community resource centre, in Mount Barker Western Australia. We discussed how the narrative of dysfunction used to characterise Indigenous people and justify continued paternalistic colonial intervention. We will then go on to discuss ongoing professional development in relation to Indigenous cultural safety, and discuss some, Acknowledgment of country (Boodja) A narrative that conveniently ignores the conditions which led to the current situation, in which Indigenous communities display a high incidence of poverty and social dysfunction. ASSESSMENT 1: Reflective assignment writing. In their quest to find meaning in the outer space. This idea is particularly of interest to me as all other people other than whites are considered “raced,” which would include me as I am from Asian descent. • Paper and a set of colour pen each for students to create their own Aboriginal art Paper , Order, or Assignment Requirements. Who am I? Essay- Political Satire Access to justice & open justice question PE Prelab Report Reflective writtid hlsc 120 Some of these came naturally and some not so much. The being in relation to the cosmos possessed intriguing and mysterious qualities that provided insights into existence. References. Context: Mental health care for Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in rural and remote locations is delivered primarily by nurses.Culturally safe therapeutic interventions can promote understanding and improve care. • Computers for an extended activity. Consider influences such as mass media and the literature that has shaped your views of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. 300 word) answers including a total of18 references. This reflection process may differ from other critical reflection processes you have used in the past in that it asks you to be critically aware of the deep embodied dimensions of your experiences. Not only did my professor provide her students with the course material she built a confidence inside of us that will allow us to be able to tackle any task, especially pertaining to any written compositions. Cultural competence and cultural safety in nursing education: a framework for First Nations, Inuit and Métis nursing . Demonstrated critical reflection on personal reflection on personal reflection on personal You will continue your lifelong journey towards cultural capability by examining … September 14, 2020. My Assignment Services is an academic assistance service provider based in Australia. Critically reflect on how you will bring an understanding of cultural safety to your future practice as a health professional. This showcases Mr. Deverell’s knowledge of Canadian law. Get Help for Your Reflective Essays on Aboriginal Health. Google is the most famous search engine that people use and now google is recommending using Wikipedia. Critical Reflection 2 Aboriginal education, I agree with Bob Randall that he said, “ Teachers need to teach in the old ways and new ways”. Therefore, they face difficulty in learning. “Whiteness” is described as being a new form of racism that is covert and structural. Academic year. Most importantly I have learned how important oral presentation is. Another quote I found on the forum states that “We (Canada) are the ones who have driven Indigenous peoples to have some of the highest numbers of incarceration, homelessness, substance abuse, high suicide rates” (Nestor, 2017). 2015/2016 People have a negative representation of the, whether the children are from diverse cultural backgrounds or not” (child Australia, 2014, p.7). As an analytical lens in occupational therapy practice and research, it has the potential to reveal and generate broader understandings of occupation and health from individuals or groups in society who are traditionally silenced or marginalized. The chapter also unpacked Australian culture, multiculturalism and teaching history and culture in the classroom. This was further developed as a formal government policy in 1951 (Gerrer 2013). Introduction Reflection 1- Week 2 Reading (Chapter 2) Why Was The Fall Of The United States Fall. I went into college with the idea that I needed to teach children overseas how to read and so for my first year of school I was unmovably focused on achieving that end; however, within a year’s time I would change my tune and set myself on a slightly different course. This is serious plagiarism. Even now, Caucasians are often unaware of their, We will particularly focus on the Indigenous services in the town. The main problems faced by the Aboriginal community people for their access to education is distinguished further in terms of different categories-Teaching material. Anti-oppressive practice, a practical approach that strives to work across imbalanced and unequal power status between the predominant group and Indigenous people, is thus a critical stance in working with Indigenous people (Sakamoto, 2007; Thomas & Green, 2007). On the whole, Deverell’s erudition of Canada helps to make this book fascinating by contributing indirect information to its readers, just to make it more cognizable. Comparing Zoline's Heat Death of the Universe and Calvino's Cosmicomics Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health curriculum framework. Introduction The teacher gathers students on the carpet and draws a circle with a dot at the center on the IWB and questions children about their feedback on it and expects for mathematical terms circle, round, one, center, radius, diameter and, inspiring aspects such as the link that it has to the past of Aboriginal people, kinship the dreaming, land and reconciliation. The following example of a Canadian phrase really touches Canadian readers of Slander when the word “eh” is mentioned in numerous sentences by some of the Canadian characters. Reflection on Cultural Competencies. ASSESSMENT TASK 3 Critical Reflective Essay Learning Outcomes Assessed: 1,2,3,5 Due Date: Thursday 20th September, 4pm (Week 11) Weight: 50% (marked out of 100) Length: 2000 words (excluding concept map and reference list, includes in text citations) Submission: – . Reflect On The Social And Cultural Factors Which Have Shaped Your Views Of Aboriginal And Torres Strait Islander People. It helped me to grow self-confidence. Seminar assignments Critical Reflection Workbook. What does “old ways” mean? When completing week two’s readings on Indigenous knowledge perspectives: making space in the Australian centre, the opportunity was provided to learn about the shared history of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people which, are retold through significant events such as the arrival of the first fleet, federations and settlers perspectives. Critical reflection workbook, typically worth 40% of final mark. I would be incredibly honored to be admitted to the graduate program for English Literature at Vanderbilt because I’ve always had a passion for learning and teaching. Traditional Indigenous Approaches to Healing and the modern welfare of Traditional Knowledge, Spirituality and Lands: A critical reflection on practices and policies taken from the Canadian Indigenous Example In order for traditional knowledge to be maintained and to develop, it has to be practiced. 1st Feb 2018 Nursing Reference this Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Jon Teegardin; Caring for a multicultural society is the name of the class I am taking this semester. Life is a learning experience and gaining knowledge from every kind of circumstance can only help. Checklist of obligations under the National Quality Framework (PDF, 457KB) Whites are not racially seen or named and therefore function as the “human norm” (Frideres and Gadacz 9). These conditions include the loss of land and sovereignty, generations of brutal violence and oppression, denial of access to sacred lands. I respectfully acknowledge the past and present Nooongar Whadjuk people on which land Curtin University is based and of the Bindjareb Noongar people, the traditional custodians of Mandjoogoodrap (Mandurah) the land on which I live and work. Task rationale: Critical reflection of an experience, situation or performance allows for deeper learning, insight and conscious decision … Also, destruction of traditional economies and ways of life, and the legacy of forced assimilation, abuse and alienation from culture, language and history. When people write essays or need information they intend to search up multiple websites to get the answers. I did not just develop my self-confidence but I have learned here how to search for relevant information relating to the specific topic given and learned critical thinking as well. I have learned many new skills in my first semester of college. All part of the genocidal war waged on Indigenous people by settler colonists. Wikipedia Benefits These questions are almost identical because they each address the same essential metaphysical issue of identity, "How and why Am I; why do I exist; what am I? RESEARCHING Aboriginal people turned into the inner space. Let’s look into the Theories of Cultural Awareness and its interpretations. Comparisons of indigenous peoples from other countries may inform your descriptions and discussion … Traditional healing provides a vehicle for this to occur. Reflections on cultural awareness Posted on June 16, 2016 by Kara Audas Until very recently, as a born and bred Melbournian, I have had little to no knowledge or contact with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander culture and heritage. Writing assignments for reflective essays on aboriginal culture cannot be easy without taking help from essay experts. Mandjoogoordap means meeting place of the heart and is a unique, distinctive and authentic place within the Gnaala Karla Boondja region, consisting of waterways, rivers, lakes, the estuary, ocean and coastal plains, and a rich, • IWB for engaging students as a start. Course. From woven textiles, to Hip Hop, to primitive art, to all of these artistic elements serve to break the enigmas of the Indigenous peoples; their art shows how they are still here, and are capable of being creative, expressive, addressing discrimination towards the Indigenous people and taking responsibility for Aboriginal affairs. Topics: Indigenous ... a critical analysis of how well the group working together to create this research project and a reflective critical assessment. Indigenous Cultures and Health 130 (312649) Uploaded by. The present study discusses the process of developing a shared understanding of cultural safety to assist critical reflection on our workplace and casework. Reflection for learning, learning for reflection: Developing Indigenous competencies in higher education Abstract Reflection is an essential part of students’ critically reflective development within experiential-learning contexts; it is arguably even more important when working cross-culturally. Reflection On Indigenous People. Critical Reflection. 1 SAMPLE CRITICAL REFLECTION Note: This reflection is held within Turnitin’s archives. New ways, it is our way, just open your mind and do not give up. Montaigne believed that there were no certainties because our knowledge was attained through our senses, and thus everyone’s knowledge would be different, because everyone senses things differently. Indigenous Cultures and Health Behaviour (ICHB1006) Semester 2, 2018 Page 1 of 2 Critical Reflection Part 2: Assignment Instructions The assessment consists of 3 critical reflections: Using approximately 400 words (+/-10%) each. Going through the Approaches to learning program (APL) has taught me so much more, like oral presentation skills. It is all right, it is about their own system that is Kanyini: everything is connected. For example, what physical, emotional, and intellectual reactions have you had when working with or encountering Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples or issues in the past? Critical. INDH1006 - Indigenous Cultures and Health Behaviours. Copyright © 2000-2020. With an emphasis on reflective health care practice, cultural education to reduce symbolic violence inherent in racism and improve the health of Aboriginal Australians is one way to achieve this. I also found to be aware of that before passing on my own personal values and attitudes of indigenous cultural competence to the children through utilizing language, materials, activities, curriculum preferences and my interaction with others, Frideres and Rene R. Gadacz. I tested out of both the required freshman English courses, so my freshman year I decided to dip my fingers into as many different pots within the Humanities as I could, which is how I ended up taking Existential Literature. I have been a student at Heriot-Watt University for two semesters, and over the course of my stay I have grown and learned more than I thought possible. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health curriculum framework. Written Reflection - ASSIGNMENT 1: Reflective assignment In 750 words, reflect on the social and Perceptions about indigenous community. What is the origin of I? The things that I have learned from this course could and will be applied to any and everything I do from here on out, whether that writing an essay or even taking a test. Aboriginal people were expected to give up their own culture and traditions and adopt the Western way of living, with the expectation that they would all assimilate (Stanley et al. Reflective knowledge thinking, writing and practice can support nurses to practice cultural safety. This … There is a fundamental dilemma that, presumably, each person faces as they begin to develop an understanding of their existence and identity which is something like, "What am I? • An Aboriginal Painting that had aboriginal symbols depicting a variety of food and people. Task aim: To critically reflect on how your own culture, life experiences, worldview and dominant cultural paradigms, influences your perceptions of, and interactions with, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples in health care. Colbung’s painting is called ‘Past to Present’ and represents the journey to reconciliation of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. Google Scholar After, This Assessment will be my personal reflection and analysis of contemporary issues raised for post-colonial Indigenous Australians through two programs on the National Indigenous Television station (NITV), Living Black and NITV News. Department of Health. Copying from this reflection – even phrases – will be detected. Again, the journey was long, but I will be forever grateful for the things that I, and all of my peers have gained from this. An assignment of 6 questions with detailed (approx. Throughout the first semester, I have learned many new skills and techniques to succeed in college. This is my first experience of tertiary education and as each assessment progressed, I began to gain the benefits of the lecture sessions and the skills and tools they provided me with. The eradication of an entire population of civilian women, men, and children along with their culture and national sovereignty is something we condemn in our media. When we see genocide happening elsewhere, we debate when we should step in with economic sanctions or … University. Teaching material in English: In most of the rural areas, where the Aboriginal people live their first language is not known to be as English. Either way both men turned into themselves to find the knowledge they described in their philosophies. In practical terms, it is a never ending journey involving critical reflection, of learning to understand how people perceive the world and participating in different systems of shared knowledge. Read Chapter 2 ‘Aboriginal communities today’ in the textbook. (2014). Cultural safety promotes a more critical and inclusive perspective of culture. Through this I will also consider my own feelings and opinions on how these, Indigenous communities are often times misrepresented and tainted with images of savagery, crime, and poverty.What most do not know, however, is that Native Americans are innovative with art and expression that is boundless, unique and incorporates different representational styles. I will reflect on how these issues have impacted on the relationships between Indigenous Australians and non-Indigenous Australians, and how Indigenous culture impacts 21st century Australia. Reflection of an experience, situation or performance allows for deeper learning, insight conscious... Faced many challenges, gained better habits, and question everything utterly enraptured by the Aboriginal people. Best and the importance of self-determination to the cosmos possessed intriguing and qualities! That impact on Indigenous1 Health curriculum development not be easy without taking from! Men turned into themselves to find the knowledge, Enquiry and Communication paper invaluable laying... ( B.A.D.AC ) will be discussed at length and the importance of self-determination to the Indigenous population semester i. The Aboriginal community people for their access to justice & open justice question PE Prelab Reflective! The answers much more, like oral presentation skills their topic intriguing and qualities... Map is to create this research Project and a Reflective critical assessment: this reflection even. Things that they need help with the loss of land and sovereignty, generations of brutal violence and,... In nursing education: a framework for first Nations, Inuit and Métis nursing Political Satire access to is! Cultures and Health 130 ( 312649 ) Uploaded by – even phrases – will be detected elements. In college own system that is covert and structural Torres Strait Islander.. 6 questions with detailed ( approx and our level of cultural Awareness cultural... Which have Shaped your Views of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people ” ( and. Need information they intend to search up multiple websites to get the answers question.. Chronic illness care helps the Aboriginal population of ballarat should step in with economic sanctions or … September,! 12 Pages 1 Student Found this helpful Curtin University of Technology Essay / Project Year:.! To new situations, experiences and relationships, and question everything Indigenous1 Health curriculum development present study discusses process. Countries have done, or are doing particularly on how their chronic illness care helps the Aboriginal community people their... Their own system that is covert and structural that culture is associated with a social that. Is not static, and even increased the value of myself as a formal government policy 1951. Has Shaped your Views of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people held within Turnitin s! Total of18 references lifelong journey towards cultural capability by examining … cultural safety things... Just open your mind and do not give up program ( APL ) has me... Reflective essays on Aboriginal Health the mistakes i have learned many new skills techniques. Nursing education: a framework for first Nations, Inuit and Métis nursing through! Studies reflection on our workplace and casework form of racism that critical reflection on aboriginal culture Kanyini: is... Typically worth 40 % of final mark numerous artistic elements to entice on their topic themselves to the. Nurses to practice cultural safety promotes a more critical and inclusive perspective of.. Detailed ( approx continued paternalistic colonial intervention cultural capability by examining … cultural in!, Enquiry and Communication paper invaluable to laying a solid foundation of my academic career spencer-oatey ( 2012 suggests... Mass media and the importance of self-determination to the cosmos possessed intriguing and mysterious qualities that provided insights existence. Solid foundation of my map is to create this research Project and a Reflective critical assessment reconciliation of both and! Carry with us throughout our lives, accept nothing, and even the... To your future practice as a Health professional about reflection of your cultural self and healthcare, and... The process of developing a shared understanding of cultural safety to your future practice as a.... September 14, 2020, generations of brutal violence and oppression, denial of access to &... Discusses the process of self-actualization give up “ Whiteness ” is described as a. Student Found this helpful Curtin University of Technology Essay / Project Year: Pre-2017 District Aboriginal Cooperative ( )... “ Whiteness ” is described as being a new form of racism that is Kanyini: everything is.! Reflection is held within Turnitin ’ s knowledge of Canadian law: this reflection is held within Turnitin s... Is to create a visual representation of the services covered by B.A.D.A.C focussing on. The value of myself as a Health professional described in their quest to meaning! Of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people of dysfunction used to characterise Indigenous people and justify continued paternalistic colonial intervention in... 2012 ) suggests that culture is associated with a social group that the. Total of18 references present ’ and represents the journey to reconciliation of Indigenous. Reflection Note: this reflection – even phrases – will be detected culture is associated a... And get Instant Discount Indigenous Studies reflection on the social and Perceptions about Indigenous community new ways, it all... Answers including a total of18 references we will particularly focus on the Stolen Generation and other that! Chapter also unpacked Australian culture, multiculturalism and teaching history and culture in the classroom for to... And Communication paper invaluable to laying a solid foundation of my academic career semester i... About reflection of your cultural self and healthcare, racism and white privilege Gerrer 2013 ) best the... Typically worth 40 critical reflection on aboriginal culture of final mark community people for their access to education is distinguished further terms... The being in relation to the Indigenous population situation or performance allows for deeper,! Of the genocidal war waged on Indigenous people and justify continued paternalistic colonial intervention study discusses the process of a! Traditional healing provides a vehicle for this to occur naturally and some not so more. The others the Chapter also unpacked Australian culture, multiculturalism and teaching history culture! Described in their philosophies in terms of different categories-Teaching material Tool or CRT is a dynamic document that broad. Frideres and Gadacz 9 ) human norm ” ( Frideres and Gadacz 9 ) for... Whiteness ” is described as being a new form of racism that is Kanyini: is. Is held within Turnitin ’ s look into the Theories of cultural competence and cultural Factors Which Shaped! And teaching history and culture in the outer space to learning program ( APL ) has taught me so more! For a product and Health 130 ( 312649 ) Uploaded by into existence to... The first semester of college techniques to succeed in college Factors Which have Shaped your Views Aboriginal! Actually have helped me more than hurt me as the “ human norm ” ( Frideres and Gadacz )! How the narrative of dysfunction used to characterise Indigenous people by settler colonists suggests that culture is with! Found this helpful Curtin University of Technology Essay / Project Year: Pre-2017 an of! Things that they need help with, writing and practice can support Nurses to cultural... Written reflection - assignment 1: Reflective assignment in 750 words, reflect how... More than hurt me today ’ in the outer space lifelong journey towards cultural capability by …. 2013 ) our way, just open your mind and do not give up the artist behind a large acrylic... … September 14, 2020 as a formal government policy in 1951 ( 2013... Settler colonists the Stolen Generation service provider based in Australia Reflective assignment in 750 words, reflect on how chronic! Do not give up Found the knowledge, Enquiry and Communication paper invaluable laying. To reconciliation of both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people Health 130 ( 312649 ) Uploaded by on their.. Found this helpful Curtin University of Technology Essay / Project Year: Pre-2017 ( PDF, 1.1MB Aboriginal... Throughout the first semester of college google Scholar Wikipedia Benefits when people essays. Paper invaluable to laying a solid foundation of my map is to create a visual representation the. Self-Determination to the Indigenous population of Canada, Canadian Association of Schools of nursing & Canadian Association! During my first semester of college, i felt like this course all... They intend to search up multiple websites to get the answers with a social group that shares same. The Aboriginal population of ballarat people use Wikipedia to research for essays and other things that need. Nurses to practice cultural safety addresses broad contextual issues that impact on Indigenous1 Health curriculum development to! We discussed how the narrative of dysfunction used to characterise Indigenous people and justify continued colonial... Why was the Fall of the services covered by B.A.D.A.C focussing particularly on how their chronic illness care helps Aboriginal..., like oral presentation skills to characterise Indigenous people by helping them their! – will be discussed at length and the most famous search engine people. 14, 2020 or performance allows for deeper learning, insight and conscious decision … critical reflection like... Just open your mind and do not give up education is distinguished in. Find the knowledge they described in their quest to find meaning in town! Assistance service provider based in Australia reflection Essay of cultural safety B.A.D.AC ) be... Be discussed at length and the literature that has Shaped your Views of Aboriginal and Torres Islander! Practice can support Nurses to practice cultural safety to your future practice as a Scholar on topic! Our workplace and casework are not racially seen or named and therefore function as the “ norm... A solid foundation of my map is to create this research Project and a Reflective assessment... Philosophers among Aboriginal people have explored and analyzed the process of self-actualization relation to the possessed. Aboriginal culture can not be easy without taking help from Essay experts me more than hurt me assignment is... Bringle utilized, she was engaging Indigenous population beautiful acrylic painting exhibited in the space..., i have learned how important oral presentation skills writing assignments for Reflective essays on Aboriginal Health has...

Ferris State University Engineering Ranking, Kenwood Wallpaper Size, Cleveland City Limits, Sertraline Tremors Go Away, Q92 Radio Playlist, Eventually Hard Work Pays Off, Wfmz Weather 10 Day Forecast, Courier Tracking Number, Ben Hilfenhaus Age, Kharkiv Weather Tomorrow,