A sharply dressed Lee and Lieutenant Colonial Charles Marshall arrived first, followed by a slightly disheveled Grant and his officers, a group that included Robert Todd Lincoln. The two military leaders agreed to meet under a truce at the home of Wilmer McLean in Appomattox on the afternoon of April 9. "This photograph captures the essence of the solemn and bittersweet surrender of General Lee to General Grant at Appomattox. Make offer for extra discount. For the rest of American, the war lingered through a series of surrenders and the capture of Jefferson Davis in the spring and summer, leading to many competing claims for the “true” end of the war. Parker replied with dignity, “We are all Americans.”. Colonel Ely S. Parker, a Seneca leader from the Tonawanda Reservation in New York, penned the formal copy of Grant’s letter. By 3:00p.m., the formal copies of the letters indicating the terms and acceptance of the surrender were signed and exchanged, and General Lee left the McLean House to return to his camp. This confusion led to one of many myths surrounding the surrender at Appomattox, and it caused many soldiers to chop down many of the apple trees in the orchard and cut them into souvenirs of the “surrender.” According to Parker’s account in news reports, he arrived in time to meet with President Lincoln on Good Friday, April 14, show him the Red Jacket medal, and demonstrate all that it meant to him. The first volume's title page, as you can see, is torn in half, the bottom half containing publication and printing, This post was written by Tammy Kiter, Manuscript Reference Librarian. Monday - CLOSED, Tuesday-Saturday - 10am–4:45pm –Curt Fields, PhD, aka General Ulysses S. Grant With his army surrounded, his men weak and exhausted, Robert E. Lee realized there was little choice but to consider the surrender of his Army to General Grant. The painting now greets visitors in the Smithsonian American Art Museum. Sunday - 11am-5pm For Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant and tens of thousands of Federal and Confederate troops fighting further south, the war stretched out for several more months. The title read: The Life of Harriot Stuart, Written by Herself. Colonel Marshall to write a farewell address to the Army of Northern Virginia, what became General Order No. Mackinlay Kantor brought the Civil War to life in this book, "Lee and Grant at Appomattox". After remaining at Grant’s side throughout the drama at Appomattox in 1865, Parker accompanied the General with his staff to Washington. These include: a community … McLean showed Marshall an abandoned, unfurnished building first, but Marshall rejected it as unsuitable. Discover (and save!) A Congressional investigation, from which he was cleared of charges of fraud, ended Parker’s service in 1871. So, try to find a used edition of the original Lee and Grant at Appomattox. https://www.loc.gov/item/2018757104/, It appears to say “Goater” in the lower right corner. On the morning of April 9, while General Robert E . Coincidentally, Grant’s encampment was just a short walk away from the home of Dr. Samuel Coleman, where Hannah Reynolds, the only civilian casualty of the fighting in Appomattox lived. In specific, it portrays the surrender of General Robert E. Lee to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, helping to bring about the end of the American Civil War. Parker provided the writing materials, a “manifold book” with its new-fangled yellow sheets of copy paper; one can see one of the three copies here bearing Grant’s writing and Parker’s emendations. Union surgeons treated her wounds, but she died three days later as a free woman, officially emancipated when Lee surrendered. Lee arrived at the McLean House sometime after one o’clock and waited there with Marshall and Babcock. Lee said he thought that would have a happy effect on his men. Sunday-Monday - CLOSED. Also, on April 10th, Lee directed Lt. Parker both inherited the medal and rescued it from sale to a museum, and thence wore it frequently. Written by Joe Servis, Teacher at Appomattox County High School, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park They met here on the morning of April 10. On April 7th, after the Confederates had suffered a catastrophic defeat at the Battle of Sailor’s Creek, Grant asked Lee to surrender and declared any “further effusion of blood” was solely Lee’s responsibility. April 9th, of course, is the date the fighting between the Army of the Potomac and the Army of Northern Virginia ended and the day that Lee officially surrendered his army to Grant. He pronounced his “white” name “Eelee” and took on the additional name Do-ne-ho-ga-wa on becoming a sachem in 1851. Woman of Letters: Charlotte Lennox and The Life of Harriot Stuart, From the Lab: Conservation Treatment of a Civil War Sketchbook. Friday - 10am-8pm The McLean's family land was where the first of the civil war began. Thanks! April 9th, 1865, was the end of the Civil War for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. General E. W. Whitaker acquired it, and it remained in his possession until November 3, 1871. Alonzo Chappel, an American painter whose life spanned the Civil War, made two attempts at portraying the events of Appomattox. Statistics vary, but it is estimated that approximately 3,000 women served as nurses during this turbulent time in American history. With each ending there was a new beginning into an uncertain peace and an even more uncertain movement for freedom and equality for the millions of African Americans who were finally free by law, though local practices ensured continued discrimination and slavery in other forms. Grant was uncertain how to bring up the subject of surrender, so after introducing his staff and the army commanders with him, he brought up the Mexican War and the brief meeting the two men had then. Lee returned to his headquarters where he attempted to remain isolated, refusing to meet with most of the Union officers who wanted to speak with him. Grant left Appomattox to continue the work of ending the war. 24522, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park. The Confederate army provided weapons and military property but the men provided their own mounts. 8,000 men from Maj. General John B. Gordon’s Second Corps, along with Lee’s nephew Fitzhugh Lee and what remained of the Confederate cavalry, were lined up for battle just west of the village of Appomattox Court House. Approximately a dozen other Union officers entered the room briefly, including Captain Robert Todd Lincoln. The meeting lasted approximately two and one-half hours and at its conclusion the bloodliest conflict in the … Parker kept one of the earlier yellow manifold copies for himself. Under the supervision of Maj. General George Sharpe, around 30,000 parole passes were printed in the Clover Hill Tavern and 28,231 paroles were issued to the Confederates between April 10th and April 15th. 1. 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